COMELEC Resolution No. 9588

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Category: Policies and Directives
Last Updated on 21 January 2013 Published on 21 January 2013

“GUIDELINES ON THE ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION OF COMELEC CHECKPOINTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE MAY 13, 2013 AUTOMATED SYNCHRONIZED NATIONAL, LOCAL AND ARMM REGIONAL ELECTIONS”.

Promulgation: 18 December 2012

 

SECTION.  1. COMELEC Checkpoints.  - There  shall  be  at  least one COMELEC  checkpoint  in  each  city/municipality.  However,  additional checkpoints  may  be  established  at  the  discretion  of  the  highest  ranking official of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP)  or the Philippine National Police (PNP)  in the city/municipality.

Sec.  2.  Checkpoint  location.  - The officials  mentioned  in  the immediately  preceding  section  shall,  in  consultation  with  the  city/municipal  Election Officer (EO),  establish COMELEC checkpoints in their respective areas.

Sec. 3. Checkpoint signboard - Every COMELEC checkpoint shall have a signboard measuring three feet by four feet (3' x 4'), to clearly identify the place as a COMELEC checkpoint from a reasonable distance.

The following shall be printed/painted on both sides of the signboard in bold letters on a white background:

 

 

Sec.  4.  Notice  of  location  of  checkpoints.  - The  commanding officer/team  leader of the checkpoint must give notice to the Election Officer, as well as non-government organizations and other civic organizations about the establishment and location of COMELEC checkpoints in the locality.

Sec. 5. Spot checkpoint.  - Where  the circumstances  warrant,  spot checkpoints .may  be established  in locations  other than  those  mentioned  in the  preceding  section.  Before  establishing  such  checkpoints,  the coordinating officer/team  leader shall give notice to the Election Officer.

Sec. 6. Personnel  to man  checkpoint.  - Any  unit  designated  to man a  COMELEC  checkpoint must be led by a  regular member of the Armed  Forces of the  Philippines  or the  Philippine  National  Police  with  a  rank of at least lieutenant/inspector.

          AFP  and PNP  personnel manning the checkpoints must be in complete uniform  and  shall  not be  under the  influence of liquor/drug.  Any  violation hereof shall  make the offender and his commanding officer jointly  liable for administrative/criminal  action.

Sec. 7.  Briefing  by  the  commanding  officer/team  leader

Sec. 8.  Searches  at  COMELEC  checkpoint.  - Any  search  at  any COMELEC checkpoint  must be made only  by members of the unit designated to  man  the  same.  It should  be  done  in  a  manner  which  will  impose minimum inconvenience upon the person or persons so searched,  to the end that civil,  political and human rights of the person/s  are not violated.

          As  a rule,  a  valid search  must be authorized by a  search warrant duly issued  by  an  appropriate  authority.  However,  a  warrantless  search  can  be made in the following cases:

a)    Moving  vehicles  and  the  seizure  of  evidence  made  in  plain view;

b)    As  long  as the vehicle  is neither searched  nor its occupant/s subjected to a  body search,  and the inspection of the vehicle is merely limited to a visual search;

c)    When  the occupant/s  of the vehicle  appear  to be  nervous or suspicious or exhibit unnatural reaction;

d)    If   the  officer  conducting  the  search  has  reasonable  or  probable  cause to believe that either the occupant/s  is a  law  offender or that the instrumentality or evidence  pertaining to the commission of a  crime can' be found  in the vehicle  to be  searched;  or

e)    On  the  basis  of  prior  confidential  information  which  are reasonably corroborated by other attendant matters.

Sec. 9. Rights  of  person  arrested.  - Any  person  arrested  at  a COMELEC  checkpoint  must be treated  humanely and with  utmost respect for his constitutional rights.  He must be informed of the following rights:

  1. To remain silent,  and be informed .that anything he says may be  used  against  him  in court.  This  right  cannot  be waived  except in writing and in the presence of counsel; 
  2. To  have  competent  and  independent  counsel  preferably  of his  own  choice,  but  if  he  cannot  afford  the  services  of counsel,  he must be provided with one.  The right cannot be waived except in writing and in the presence of counsel;
  3. To  be released from detention  if no charges  have been filed against  him  within eighteen  (18)  hours  from  the  arrest, unless he is charged under P.D.  1866,  as amended.

 Sec.  10. Record  of  arrest.  - Any  arrest  made  at  a  COMELEC checkpoint  shall  be  immediately  and  chronologically  recorded  in a  logbook  for the purpose,  stating the circumstances of the arrest and other particulars about the person and confiscated weapons,  ammunitions and materials.

Sec. 11. Report and turn-over of arrested person.  - Any  person arrested  at.  a  COMELEC  checkpoint  including  the  confiscated  material,  weapon,  ammunition  and  material,  must be turned-over to the  nearest  law  enforcement  station or office  together with  the  corresponding  affidavit/s  of arrest for proper action.

          The  chief of police/detachment  commander concerned  shall  conduct a preliminary examination  and  submit the result thereof  to the  provincial/city prosecutor for  preliminary  investigation,  coy furnished the Law Department, EO,  and their respective operation centers.

 

“IN THE MATTER OF CLARIFYING SECTION 5 OF RESOLUTION NO. 9561-A OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE "RULES AND REGULATIONS ON: (1) THE BAN ON BEARING, CARRYING OR TRANSPORTING OF FIREARMS OR OTHER DEADLY WEAPONS; AND (2) THE EMPLOYMENT, AVAILMENT OR ENGAGEMENT OF THE SERVICES OF SECURITY PERSONNEL OR BODYGUARDS DURING THE ELECTION PERIOD FOR THE MAY 13, 2013 AUTOMATED SYNCHRONIZED NATIONAL, LOCAL ELECTIONS AND ARMM REGIONAL ELECTIONS, AS AMENDED”.

 

SECTION I. Section 5 of Resolution No. 9561-A is amended to read as follows:

          "SEC.  5.  Suspension  of  permits  to  carry  firearms outside  residence  and  issuance  of  mission  orders  and  memorandum  receipts. - During the  Election  Period,  the Committee  has the  sole  power to issue authority to bear, carry  or  transport  firearms  and  other  deadly  weapons, including  its spare  parts,  explosives and  its components, outside residence and place of business in the country.

           Hence,  any  Permit  to  Carry  Firearms  Outside Residence (PTCFOR), Mission Order (MO), Letter Order (LO) and Acknowledgement  Receipts (ARE) issued by the Chief, PNP,  the  Chief  of Staff  of  the  AFP,  the  Commanding General  or  Flag  Officer  in  Command  of  the  Different Branches  of  the  AFP  and  their  sub-units,  or  their  duly authorized  representatives,  or  any  other  head of government law enforcement/security agencies,  processed and issued during the election period,  are hereby declared suspended, ineffective, and without force and effect, unless properly covered by Certificates of Authority duly issued by the CBFSP.

           Receipt  and  processing  of  all  applications  for Authority  to Bear,  Carry  or Transport Firearms and Other Deadly Weapons,  including the transport of firearms and/or its spare  parts and  explosives  and/or  its  components  by  those  who  are  engaged  in the  manufacture,  importation, exportation,  purchase, sale thereof, as well as the transport or delivery of the raw materials used in the manufacturing of firearms and/or its spare parts and explosives and/or its components shall commence on December 3,2012."

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